4A heritage is from 4A2000 with its initial development at LMD supported under CNRS and CNES programs. CNES and CNRS support the continued advancements of 4A, through a subcontract with NOVELTIS. Software 4A consolidation is NOVELTIS’ responsibility and it aims at completing a product easy to use by several research groups or to be integrated in operational processing chains. The resultant product is 4A/OP.
The 4A code has been developed in Fortran 77 under the Unix system. It has been recently rewritten in standard Fortran 90 and it runs on any platform with Fortran 90 compiler and C compiler. Memory usage is moderate (about 200 Megabytes), and there are no special hardware requirements.
The code development is under CVS.
4A is maintained at LMD which includes introducing all the newly derived parameters for spectroscopy, for line-coupling or for continua, for aerosols and CFCs, …, as soon as they have been validated. The current version is referred to as 4A-2000.
The GEISA (Gestion et Etude des Informations Spectroscopiques Atmosphériques: Management and Study of Atmospheric Spectroscopic Information) computer accessible database system, is developed, maintained and regularly updated by the ARA (Atmospheric Radiation Analysis) group at LMD since the late 70’s..
An important update of GEISA has been performed in 2003 and is being issued for the international community interactive use.
The GEISA system comprises three databases with their associated management software:
- A database of spectroscopic parameters required to describe adequately the individual spectral lines belonging to 50 molecules (111 isotopic species); this database contains 3,794,488 entries, in the spectral range from 10-6 to 35,877 cm-1.
- A database of absorption cross-sections of molecules such as chlorofluorocarbons which exhibit unresolvable spectra.
- A database of micro-physical and Optical Properties of Atmospheric Aerosols.
The facilities are available at GEISA.
Currently, GEISA is involved in forward modeling activities with the purpose of assessing the IASI measurements capabilities, within the ISSWG (IASI Sounding Science Working Group), in the frame of the CNES (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, France)/EUMETSAT (EUropean organization for the exploitation of METeorological SATellites) Polar System (EPS).
Referencing 4A/OP in publications
If a user is presenting results obtained using 4A/OP, the most complete way to reference it would be to reference the following:
- Scott, N.A. and A. Chedin, 1981: A fast line-by- line method for atmospheric absorption computations: The Automatized Atmospheric Absorption Atlas. J. Appl. Meteor., 20, 802-812.
- L. Chaumat, C. Standfuss, B. Tournier, E. Bernard, R. Armante and N. A. Scott, 2012: 4A/OP Reference Documentation, NOV-3049-NT-1178-v4.3, NOVELTIS, LMD/CNRS, CNES, 311 pp.